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The human shoulder joint consists of three bones: the scapula, the clavicle, and the humerus. This large ball and socket joint is unique in that it has a wide range of motion compared to most other joints. This makes it one of the most unstable and frequently dislocated joints in the body, accounting for nearly 50% of dislocations. All overhead movements, as well as actions in most sports, rely on smooth, strong shoulder movements. The shoulders provide a huge source of power for an athlete, including a baseball pitcher, swimmer, or gymnast. The shoulder joint can also become a great hindrance if an injury occurs. In fact, shoulder pain is the third most popular reason a patient seeks a pain physician, following headaches and back pain.

Causes of shoulder pain

The tendency for the shoulder to become injured is a major reason for developing shoulder pain. The ligaments, tendons, and labrum holding the joint in place can become torn or overstretched. Once this occurs, the shoulder can develop the overgrowth of bone (bone spurs) which is a natural body attempt to try and stabilize the joint. Common causes of shoulder pain include:

  • Hypermobility syndrome
  • Overuse injury
  • Poor posture or form
  • Trauma from contact sport, such as hockey or football

Symptoms of shoulder pain

Shoulder weakness and tenderness are common complaints in patients with shoulder pain. The feeling of instability or audible popping in the shoulder joint can accompany pain during activity. If left untreated, decreased range of motion may cause scar tissue in the shoulder, resulting in a “frozen shoulder” which is extremely painful.

How Prolotherapy can help shoulder pain

To treat the root cause of shoulder pain, Prolotherapy injections are performed in and around the shoulder joint to stimulate natural repair of the ligaments and labral tissue. As the ligaments and labrum heal, the strength and range of motion can return to normal, and pain subsides. Prolotherapy is used to treat many shoulder conditions, including:

  • Arthritis
  • Bursitis
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Glenoid labrum tear
  • Impingement syndrome
  • Rotator cuff tear
  • SLAP lesion
  • Supraspinatus tendon tear

Comprehensive Prolotherapy from an experienced Prolotherapy doctor works because Prolotherapy stimulates the body to repair the injured area(s). The injections jump start the normal inflammatory healing cascade, thus alerting the body to respond and trigger collagen growth which is needed to repair the injured areas of the shoulder.

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